Due to land development, agriculture, and many other environmental factors, the habitats of these species have been sadly reduced. Pollution, hunting and poaching too are the major factors why these species are on the endangered list. Action must be taken as soon as possible so that they won’t be nearing extinction.
Here are the some of the world’s fauna and flora species which belong to the “red list” (critically endangered) by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
This species of heron (Ardea insignis) joins in the decreasing population trend and is now listed as one of the critically endangered species. The diminishing numbers are attributed mostly to the destruction of forests and wetlands, as well as human exploitation.
This freshwater fish (Aphanius transgrediens) is also listed as “critically endangered” due to climate change, which resulted into a continued reduction of rainfall on the lake Acıgöl in Turkey. The invasive and predatory mosquito fish also threatens the toothcarp’s numbers.
A species of damselfly (Amanipodagrion gilliesi), it is also listed as “critically endangered” due to destruction of its habitat.
A species of fir (Abies beshanzuensis), this beautiful tree is native in Zhejiang Province, China. By 1987, only three Baishan firs were found in the wild, which made this tree one of the extremely rare conifers on the planet. Despite eventual conservation efforts which turned out to be successful, this tree nevertheless remains on the list of the “critically endangered” species.
Endemic to New Guinea, this megabat species (Aproteles bulmerae) suffers depleting numbers due to habitat destruction and hunting.
Some species of earwig, such as the Saint Helena giant earwig (Labidura herculeana) are most likely believed to be extinct.
Native to India and Pakistan, these mostly terrestrial birds (Ardeotis nigriceps) are also under serious threat due to habitat loss and hunting. And the bad news is that poaching may still continue, although conservation efforts are also under way.
Despite being a dangerous and venomous sea-snake, this species (Aipysurus foliosquama) is still not spared from becoming “critically endangered.” It is endemic to Ashmore and Hibernia reefs in Western Australia. The sea snake’s decreasing numbers are thought to be caused by coral bleaching.
Native only to Madagascar, this extremely rare tortoise (Astrochelys yniphora) is placed on the “critically endangered” list. The more alarming is that its numbers continue to decrease and these animals are thought to be at high risk of extinction.
The Rio Pescado stubfoot toad (Atelopus balios) is a critically endangered species of toad found only in the four regions of Ecuador. Since there have been no recorded sightings of the toad in the wild since April 1995, it is now feared to be extinct.