How to Take Care of a Horse: The Basics Explained

Did you know that the average cost for owning a horse is well over $1,000 per year? Horses are one of the trickiest animals to own due to their intensive care regiment, but even so, they are certainly worth every bit of effort. After all, what exactly do you have to do?  

Don’t worry, with this guide you can find out! From learning their feeding schedules to veterinarian care, you can learn the ins and outs of caring for a horse. 

Now, are you ready to get started? Here’s a quick look at how to take care of a horse: 


A horse’s dietary needs are simple: grass/hay and water. Horses tend to eat about 1.5% to 2% of their body weight each day. So for an average horse, you’ll want to feed them 15 to 20 pounds of hay each day, perhaps a little less if they were able to graze.  

You’ll want to feed your horse during the morning and at night. By separating their feeding times, it lets you monitor their eating habits and weight gain. Also, make sure plenty of fresh, clean water is available for them to drink. 

Now, buckle up; here comes the cost! Typically a bale of hay will cost about $15 to $20. So that will average out to about $18 per week in feeding costs. 


Exercise is crucial to a horse’s health. It prevents the legs from swelling, keeps joints smooth and back toned. The amount of exercise a horse needs typically depends on its age and breed type.  

However, a general rule of thumb is about two hours. Horses can do pole work exercises as well as throttling or work up to cantering. These exercises will help them burn some energy and help them stay in fit condition.

Veterinary Care 

Like all animals, horses need to go to the vet. Expect you can’t take your horse to see just any vet. Horses require equine veterinarians who make house calls to make it easier for all involved. However, they typically charge a pretty penny for their services, so don’t expect a small fee; in fact, there will be a lot of bills to pay. 

After all, horses, like all pets, require vaccinations. Not to mention, they need to be tested frequently for internal parasites and worms. In addition to annual tests, vets will need to do a dental check every six months. 

How to Take Care of a Horse  

Taking care of a horse is no easy task. You have to pay for the hay to feed them, the supplies to exercise them, and the vet services to take care of their health.

However, their love and attention will smile to your face each day. Now that’s certainly worth it! 

For more information about how to take care of a horse, visit our website. We look forward to helping you learn about your new friend.